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Agricultural Program

SESER AGRICULTURE PROGRAMME

SESER Agric programmes, Promotes the production and marketing of  hybrids and productive varieties through women who are into  agro business; This  Provide support such as  access to  seed companies to produce and market good quality hybrid maize, ground nut and Sorghum seeds; Conduct extensive demonstrations of improved seed with fertilizer and other management practices;  stress tolerant and nutrient efficient maize hybrids and promiscuously modulating Sorghum in multi-location and on-farm trials in coloration of other major seed companies.

In  Nigeria,  crops  and  livestock  are  considered  together  because  of  the  tendency  for most  of  the  farmers  to  practice  livestock  and  crops  husbandry  simultaneously .  desert encroachment pest attacks and other factors  are negatively impacting  on livestock  production.  A  thriving  livestock  value  chain  could  have  been  another major source of foreign exchange for the smallholder farmers. While cultivation of mixed  crops  is  touted  as  the  best  option  for  food  security  in  the  Nigeria  today ,  a  lot  of focus  is  now  being  placed  on  the  reduction  of  post-harvest  losses  that  are  linked  to poor handling and aflatoxins. Farmers incur  heavy losses  every year as a result  of aflatoxin  contamination.

The Society for Empowerment and Self Reliance (SESER)  and RegioDev Africa (RDA) are working with women farmers in 3 States in Nigeria namely Nassarwa, Niger  and  Akwa  Ibom.  The  two  organizations  provide  them  with  technical  advice  on how  to  properly  plant  crops  and  also  train  them  on  post-harvest  handling techniques. This includes  training  on proper harvesting, drying of cereals before

storage  in  aerated  granaries  or  rooms  to  avoid  aflatoxin  contamination;  safe processing  and  packaging  of   maize,  Sorghum,  Millet   and  groundnut  products  and marketing.  This  initiative  has  benefited  both  the  urban  and  rural  sectors  and provides  technical  requirements  for  speeding  up  economic  growth  and  the development  of  rural  areas  in  the  three  states. SESER  and  RDA  also  equip  the  women  groups  with  the  right  financial management skills  and  link  them  with financial  institutions  to  secure  agricultural credit  that  enables  them  transform  their  small  scale  farm  enterprises  into  profitable agribusinesses thanks to proper post-harvest handling, value addition and better marketing of their products. Our intervention is in line with the Government policy seeking  to  attain  food  security ,  create  thousands  of  jobs  in  agribusiness  and industrialize  the  Nigerian  economy .

Groundnut  is  one  of  the  crops  that  are  grown  abundantly  in Nigeria. Groundnut oil is  also one of the  edible oils that  is  in  very high demand in  the country .   Women farmers have traditionally

harvested  groundnut  by  loosening  the  soil  using  forked  hand hoes  and  pulling  them  out.  This  method  does  not  guarantee successful  harvests  and  often  damages  the  nuts.  SESER is promoting various  designs  of  equipment  to  assist  women  in properly harvesting  and  processing  groundnuts.

The sorghum or millet in Nigeria, is usually stored in small quantities in traditional granaries, often on the  farm/farm  house.  Accumulated and bulk storage is  seldom in  rural  areas.  SESER  is  working  to  change  this  trend,  encouraging  women  to diversify  their  crop  mix  to  achieve  food  and  nutrition  security  at  household, community and ultimately state level. SESER’s Women Farmer In Food Security

(W AFS)  initiative  aims  to  bridge  the  incomes  gap  between  rural  and  urban  areas  by  promoting  agriculture  as  a  business  thereby  reducing  rural-urban  migration.

Though  still  in  its  pilot  phase  in  the  three  states,  the  initiative  has  also  brought  about  an  increase  in  the  level  of  employment,  improvement  in  the  economic empowerment of women. We hope to  scale  up and scale  out this  initiative,  also  encouraging  more  youth  to  engage  in  profitable  agricultural  value  chains. Extraction  of  oil  from  groundnut  is  also  one  of  the  projects  that  can contribute to  the  economic development of Nigeria.    This means

that raw materials for the processing of groundnut oil are readily available.  Establishment  of  small  groundnut  oil  processing  plants contributes  immensely  to  the  development  of  ground  nut  value

chain,  reducing  post-harvest  losses,  and  feeding  an  insatiable ground  oil  market.  Ground  nut  is  a  multipurpose  crop  and  SESER is  encouraging  women  farmers  to  produce  more  to  advantage  of  the  ready  market.